Properties and applications of graphene oxide

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Grapheneoxid , a key derivative of graphene based materials, is . Despite the fact that graphene oxide is oxidized, it preserves the graphene’s highly conjugated structure. However, the surface properties of the material and its layered structure are not affected. The introduction of oxygen-containing groups not only makes the graphene oxide chemically stable, but also provides surface modification active sites and a larger specific surface area for the synthesis of graphene-based/graphene oxide-based materials. Graphene dioxide is an excellent precursor and support carrier in the synthesis and control of graphene-based materials. When compounding with metals and metal oxides, high-molecular polymers, or other materials, it can provide large specific surface areas to disperse and prevent agglomeration.
Grapheneoxid also exhibits excellent physical, chemical, and optical properties. Because of the coexistence between various oxygen-containing groups on the base of graphene sheet framework and the edges, graphene oxide can easily be controlled. The type and quantity of oxygen-containing groups used to modify its conductivity or band gap are determined by how many they exist. There are many uses for this material. Grapheneoxid is a new carbon material. It exhibits excellent properties with high specific surface areas and numerous functional groups. The wide variety of graphene-oxide composite materials, which include polymer composites and inorganic compounds materials, has led to the development of a new research area: surface modification.

1 Optoelectronics
In 2016, Karteri et al. In 2016, Karteri and colleagues studied organic thin-film transistors with SiO2/GO insulating layers, as well as their photoresponse characteristics devices. The characteristics of the transistor were also improved by adding GO to the insulating layers.
2 solar cells
Use GO to replace PEDOT:PSS in hole transport layers for polymer solar cell and achieve the same photoelectric conversion efficiency. Study of the effect of different thicknesses GO layers on polymer-solar cells has been done. It was found that devices with a thickness of 2 nm or less have the highest photoelectric conversion rates.
3 Flexible Sensor
Because GO has many hydrophilic functional classes, it can be easily modified. Its high specific surface, good dispersion and good humidity sensitivity make GO an excellent sensor material, especially for flexible sensors.
4 Biological considerations
GO is a unique combination of electronic, optical, mechanical and electrical properties that has been used in many areas, including biotechnology, nanomedicine and tissue engineering. It also plays a significant role in drug release, bioimaging, biomolecular sensing, biomedical engineering and biomedical engineering. GO’s specific surface area is larger than other planar or spherical nanomaterials. It can be modified easily and has good biocompatibility. GO and alkene derivatives will have corresponding biological effects due to their surface charges, sizes, lateral dimensions, and surface chemistry. Further research is needed to determine GO’s biosafety. Material science will enable us to use low toxicity materials and better biocompatibility to modify GO. We can prepare GO with stable and clear properties, safe structure, non-toxic, and so be able to use it as a safe, effective, and efficient medical material.

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