More than a hundred schools in the UK have been closed due to the risk of collapse

In the UK, more than 100 schools were closed because of the danger of collapse

In the UK, many schools use Aerated concrete autoclaved (RAAC). This is a concrete material that is lighter.

In 2018, RAAC was found to be used in the roofs and buildings of a primary-school in southeast England. The material’s safety hazards were raised when the roof collapsed.

BBC reported that RAAC materials were widely used from the 1950s until the mid-1990s in areas such as roof panels, and had a lifespan of around 30 years.

According to reports, the risk of building collapse is not limited only to schools, but also courts, hospitals and police stations. RAAC material has been found.

The Royal Dengate Theatre at Northampton is temporarily closed after RAAC material was found.

According to NHS, RAAC has been detected in 27 hospital building.

The NHS chief has been asked for measures to be taken to prevent collapse.

BBC reported that since 2018 the British government has warned schools to be “fully ready” in case RAAC is found within public buildings.

The Independent reported Jonathan Slater a former senior education official, who said that Sunak, Prime Minister in 2021, approved budget reductions to build schools.

Nick Gibb is a senior official at the Department of Education. He said that the Department of Education asked for PS200m annually for school maintenance. Sunak, then the chancellor, only provided PS50 million per year.

The report also states that despite Sunak having promised to renovate at least 50 schools a month, only four have been renovated as part of the government’s major reconstruction plan.

The British National Audit Office chief also criticised this crisis. He claimed that the Sunak government had adopted a “plaster-method” of building maintenance.

He believes the government’s underinvestment has forced schools to close, and that families are now “paying the cost”.

Paul Whitman is the secretary-general of National Association of Principals. He said parents and public will see any attempt by government to shift the blame from their own major mistakes as a “desperate attempt by the Government to divert its attention.”

Whitman claimed that the classroom has become completely unusable. Whitman blamed the British Government for the situation. “No matter what you do to divert or distract, it won’t work.”

London Mayor Sadiq khan said that the government should be open and transparent. This will reassure parents, staff, children, and others.

BBC reported schools in the UK were pushing forward with inspections and assessments. Children who had been suspended because of school building issues will be temporarily housed, or taught online.

Application Fields of Graphite

Graphite – Applications

Graphite This non-metallic material is used widely in the industry and everyday life due to its high conductivity, resistance to high temperatures, and chemical stability. Here is a detailed description of how graphite can be used in various fields.

1. Use of graphite as a refractory material

Graphite’s excellent resistance to high temperatures and corrosion makes it a popular material for refractory products. The graphite products are refractory bricks (also known as crucibles), high-temperature ovens, etc. These products can be used to smelt and process high-temperature metals. They are corrosion resistant, and have a high thermal stability.

The graphite bricks are widely used for kilns in the industries of steel, non-ferrous, glass and ceramics. Graphite crucibles may be used to melt metals or alloys as well as for high temperature synthesis and sintering. Graphite furnaces at high temperatures can be used to heat and melt various metals or alloys as well as conduct high-temperature reactions.

2. Application of Graphite Casting Materials

Graphite can be used in the manufacture of casting molds and wear resistant parts. Graphite can be used to make non-ferrous castings, such as aluminum or copper. These have high accuracy and a long service life.

In the cast industry, graphite moulds can improve efficiency and reduce costs. Due to the high thermal conductivity of the graphite, the molds are able to quickly transfer heat into the metal solution. This allows it to solidify faster, thus improving production efficiency. The graphite moulds can also be reused many times, as they are resistant to wear and corrosion.

3. The Application of Graphite in Lubricants

Graphite can be used as a lubricant or grease because it has excellent lubricating qualities. Graphite lubricants reduce friction and improve the efficiency of mechanical equipment like machine tools and gearboxes.

Graphite lubricants can also be found in the aviation, military, and automobile industries. In automobiles for example, graphite can be used to lubricate transmission and engine systems, improve fuel efficiency, and reduce mechanical wear. In the aviation and defense fields, graphite grease can be used to improve the safety and reliability of equipment by lubricating components like high-speed rotating gears and bearings.

4. Graphite is used in sealing materials

Graphite can be used for sealing materials and components because it has excellent sealing and corrosion-resistant properties. Seals made from graphite are used in chemical reaction pots, equipment and other situations to prevent liquid and gas leakage.

Graphite seals can be used in many corrosive mediums and still maintain good sealing performance. In addition, graphite sealings are also thermally efficient, reducing equipment heat losses and improving thermal efficiency.

5. The Use of Graphite as a Conductive Material

Graphite can be used as a heat-dissipation and conductive material due to its excellent thermal conductivity. Graphite conductives can be used for electrical contact materials like electrode brushes and heatsinks for electronic parts.

Graphite conductive products, such as capacitors and batteries, are widely used in many fields. In batteries, graphite materials can also be used for negative electrodes to increase the energy density of the battery and its lifespan. In capacitors graphite-conductive materials can increase the energy storage density of capacitors and their reliability.

6. Graphite Applications in Biomedical Field

Graphite can be used as a biomaterial because of its biocompatibility. In biomedicine, graphite has been used to manufacture medical devices like artificial joints, fixed components, and surface-coatings of biomaterials.

Graphite can be used for its biocompatibility, wear resistance, and as a coating on artificial joints. This will improve the wear resistance of these joints and their life expectancy. In addition, graphite is a material with good thermal conductivity as well as biological activity. It can be used in surface coatings on biomaterials that promote tissue healing and regeneration.

7. Applications in other fields

Other than the above applications, graphite also can be used to produce pencil leads, electrodes, battery-negative electrolytes, etc.

Graphite pencil lead is a traditional application of graphite. Pencil leads is durable, erasable, and is widely used by culture and education. Graphite electrolyte is the most commonly used electrode and is used widely in electrochemical reaction. In the battery field, graphite electrode materials such as lithium ion batteries are widely used.

8. The following is a summary of the information that you will find on this page.

Graphite is a nonmetallic material that plays a crucial role in today’s industrial and technical fields. The application prospects for graphite will remain very broad in the future with the constant development and progress of technologies. In order to improve the application of graphite, we must continue exploring and researching new uses and fields.


RBOSCHCO, a global chemical materials supplier and manufacturer, has over 12 year experience in providing high-quality Nanomaterials. The company export to many countries, such as USA, Canada, Europe, UAE, South Africa, Tanzania,Kenya,Egypt,Nigeria,Cameroon,Uganda,Turkey,Mexico,Azerbaijan,Belgium,Cyprus,Czech Republic, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Dubai, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia,Germany, France, Italy, Portugal etc. RBOSCHCO, a leader of nanotechnology manufacturing, dominates the market. Our expert team offers perfect solutions for improving the efficiency of different industries, creating value and overcoming various challenges. You can send an e-mail to, if you are interested in graphite.

Application Fields of 316L Stainless Steel Powder

316L Stainless Steel Powder: Application Fields

316L stainless powder This metal powder is used widely in many fields because of its outstanding corrosion resistance. Here is a detailed guide to using 316L powder in various fields.

1. Aerospace field

316L stainless powder is widely used in aerospace to manufacture components with high strength and corrosion resistance. Due to its excellent high-temperature resistance and oxidation resistance, 316L stainless powder can perform in harsh environments like high temperature, pressure, and speed. This allows for safe and reliable aircraft operation. In the production of jet engines for instance, 316L steel powder is employed to produce high-temperature parts such as combustion chambers, turbine blades, etc. that can withstand up to 600°C and high pressure airflow.

Additionally, 316L powder is used for manufacturing structural components of high strength in aerospace vehicles. These include beams and frames. It can be processed easily into complex structural components due to its excellent weldability and processing.

2. Petrochemical Industry

In the petrochemical industries, 316L stainless powder is widely used for manufacturing high-strength corrosion-resistant pipelines and equipment. The 316L stainless steel powder has excellent corrosion resistance and can resist various chemical substances. This ensures the equipment’s long-term stability. 316L stainless powder can be used, for example, to make high-temperature and pressure containers and pipes in the petrochemical industry. This powder can withstand corrosion from various chemicals, while ensuring its strength and sealing.

Additionally, 316L stainless powder is used for manufacturing filters, separators, catalyst carriers, and other components within the petrochemical industry. Its high-temperature and corrosion-resistant properties can help ensure that equipment will operate reliably for a long time and increase production efficiency.

3.Medical field

In the medical field 316L powder stainless steel is widely used for manufacturing high-standard medical implants and devices. Due to the non-toxic, harmless and biocompatible effects of 316L stainless steel powder on the human body and its high-quality, it is widely used for the manufacturing of medical devices and human implants. 316L stainless powder, used in the manufacturing of artificial joints and prostheses as well as other implants and devices, is widely used for support structures and connectors. It ensures strength and stability as well as corrosion and wear resistance.

In the medical field, 316L powder is used for manufacturing high-quality surgical tools, medical devices and other products. The good welding and processing performance of 316L stainless steel powder allows for the manufacture of various complex-shaped devices, which improves reliability and safety.

4. Industrial sector

In the industry, 316L stainless powder is widely used for manufacturing high-strength corrosion-resistant equipment and components. You can use it to make high-quality mechanical elements such as bolts, springs, and chemical equipment. The excellent corrosion resistance and anti-oxidant performance of this material can help to ensure that the equipment will operate smoothly for a long time and increase production efficiency.

The power and electronic industries are also major users of 316L powder. 316L stainless powder can be used in the production of batteries and electronic components to produce components such as brackets, shells, and terminals. These components improve product quality and safety.

Summary: 316L stainless-steel powder has many uses in various fields.


KMPASS is a global chemical supplier & manufacturer that has over 12 year experience in providing high-quality Nanomaterials and chemicals. The company export to many countries, such as USA, Canada, Europe, UAE, South Africa, Tanzania,Kenya,Egypt,Nigeria,Cameroon,Uganda,Turkey,Mexico,Azerbaijan,Belgium,Cyprus,Czech Republic, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Dubai, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia,Germany, France, Italy, Portugal etc. KMPASS, a leading manufacturer of nanotechnology products, dominates the market. Our professional team offers perfect solutions that can help various industries improve their efficiency, create value and overcome various challenges. Send an email at to request 316L powder.

How many chemical additives are in concrete today

Concrete is a modern material that uses a variety of chemical additives, each with their own unique characteristics. These additives play a vital role in improving the performance of concrete and maintaining its quality. Here are some of the most common chemical additives and their benefits.

Cement Water Reducing Agent

It can be used to improve the strength of the concrete, reduce the amount cement and maintain the fluidity. Cement-water-reducing agents can be classified as conventional or high-performance. A conventional type of cement water-reducing agent is used in ordinary concrete. High-performance types are designed for special concrete projects, like high-strength and self-compacting.


Retarders can reduce the time it takes for concrete to set and increase the flexibility of the construction process. Retarders can control the concrete setting speed to ensure smooth progress in large-scale projects due to the long construction times.

Early Strengthening Agent

Early-strengthening compounds accelerate the concrete hardening process, allowing for a rapid increase in strength. It is especially useful in projects which need to be completed quickly or put to use as soon a possible. The use of early-strength agent can help improve the progress of the project and reduce the construction time.

Waterproofing agent

Waterproofing agents are used to improve the strength of concrete and prevent water penetration. Waterproofing agent can be divided in two categories: surface waterproofing agent and deep waterproofing agent. Select the waterproofing agent that best suits your needs.

Water-reducing agent solution for these three

The water-reducing agent should be used with concrete admixture, which will reflect the water-reducing effect. Cement quality is therefore a direct factor of the actual effect water-reducing agents.

If you encounter different types of “problem” cements, different strategies will be required.

High alkali cement

High-alkali is a cement type with a large amount of alkali. Alkali in high-alkali is usually higher than that of conventional cement.

The high-alkali cements have a high degree of alkalinity. This can impact the performance. High-alkali Cement can encourage the setting reaction, which is beneficial to the early development of strength in concrete. High-alkali Cement can also increase the fluidity of cement, making it more workable and easier to pump.

But there are also some issues with high-alkali clinkers. As an example, high alkali cements can reduce the efficiency of water-reducing agents and cause concrete to lose its slump faster. High-alkali cement may also lead to corrosion and carbonation problems in concrete.

High-alkali Cement can benefit from water-reducing agents that contain a higher content of sodium sulfate. High-alkali cement contains a high amount of alkali, which accelerates C3A’s dissolution. Sodium sulfate reacts with C3A, forming AFt crystalline structures and improving the fluidity of the cement mortar.

Low-alkali sulfur-deficient cement

Low alkali-sulfur cement has less sulfate in it than normal cement. Ordinary cement is high in sulfate. It reacts with water and the sulfate forms crystals that cause cracks and expand the concrete.

Reduced sulfate cements reduce the alkali silica reaction (also called the reaction between the aggregate and the alkali) in concrete. The alkali silica reaction is a reaction between the cement and the aggregate that causes expansion and cracking. The use of low-alkali cements that are sulfur-deficient can help reduce this reaction, and increase the durability and life of the concrete.

Due to the lower sulfate contents, water reducers work less well with low alkali-sulfur cement. Water-reducing agents can cause concrete to lose slump quickly if they are used in excess. In this case, the conventional method of using water-reducing agents may be ineffective. Instead, it is recommended to choose a water reducing agent that contains sulfate.

High C3A cement content

Cement that contains a high C3A level is one with a high C3A (tricalcium-aluminate) content. C3A is a mineral found in cement which reacts with the water to produce an expanding substance when it hydrates. C3A cements are characterized by a high early strength as well as a shorter setting time. They are ideal for projects requiring rapid strength development and rapid setting.

Cement with high C3A levels can cause some problems. C3A and sulfate react to form sulphoaluminate. This can cause concrete to expand or crack. In humid environments, cements high in C3A are susceptible to producing corrosive calcium-sulfate precipitates, which can have a negative impact on the durability of concrete and steel structures.

Cement with high C3A will have a greater ability to bind water-reducing agents. This will result in a reduction of the fluidity of concrete and its slump. If you are using water water-reducing agents, choose a water reducer containing high sulfate content or a slowing agent with hydroxycarboxylate in order to reduce C3A adsorption and improve concrete fluidity.

There are two types of products that reduce water: the first is a water-reducing naphthalene agent and the second is a water-reducing polycarboxylic agent. The main difference in water reduction is the naphthalene. It is high-efficiency, and polycarboxylic is high-performance. For general foam concrete, the naphthalene cubic addition is between a few hundred g to a kilogram.

What is Lithium stearate powder

Lithium stearate is a crystalline form of lithium.

Lithium stearate has the chemical formula LiSt. It is a white powder that is solid at room temperatures. It can produce high light transmission at low concentrations. This compound is only slightly soluble when heated to room temperature, but it dissolves readily in organic solvants such as acetone or ethanol. Lithium Stearate is stable and thermally safe at high temperatures because it has a melting point and flashpoint. The lithium stearate also has a good chemical stability, and is resistant to acids and bases, as well as oxidants, reductants and reducing agents. Lithium is a less toxic substance, but should still be handled with care. An excessive intake of lithium can lead to diarrhoea or vomiting as well as difficulty breathing. Wearing gloves and goggles during operation is recommended because prolonged exposure to lithium can cause eye and skin irritation.

Lithium Stearate:

Surfactant: Lithium Stearate Surfactant, lubricant, and other ingredients are used to make personal care products like soaps. It has excellent foam properties and good hydrolysis stabilty, resulting in a gentle and clean washing experience.

Lithium stearate has an important role to play in polymer syntheses. It can be used both as a donor and a participant in the formation of polymer chains. These polymers have good mechanical and chemical properties, making them ideal for plastics, rubber fibers, etc.

Lithium stearate can be used as an ingredient in cosmetics. It enhances moisturization, and makes the skin smoother. The antibacterial and antiinflammatory properties of lithium stearate can also help with skin problems.

Paints & Coatings: Lithium is used to thicken and level paints & coatings. It helps control the flow, as well as the properties of final coatings. It is resistant to weather and scratches, which makes the coating durable.

Applications of lithium stearate include drug carriers, excipients, and stabilizers. It can enhance the taste and solubility and stability of medications.

Lithium stearate has many uses in agriculture, including as a carrier for fertilizer and a plant-protection agent. It increases the efficiency of fertilizers and improves plant disease resistance.

Petrochemical: In the petrochemical industries, lithium stearate may be used as an lubricant or release agent. As a catalyst in petroleum cracking, lithium stearate improves cracking yield and efficiency.

Lithium stearate production method :

Chemical synthesis method

Lithium stearate can be synthesized through a series a chemical reactions. In order to get the lithium metal reacting with the stearate, they are heated together in an organic solvant. After washing and separating the lithium stearate, it is dried.

Following are the steps for synthesis.

(1) Lithium metal and stearate in organic solvents, such as ethanol heated stirring to fully react.

(2) The reaction solution must be cooled in order to precipitate lithium stearate.

(3) Wash the crystal with water and remove any lithium stearate particles.

The dried crystals are used to make lithium stearate.

The benefits of chemical synthesis include a matured process, high production efficiency, and high product quality. However, organic solvents have an environmental impact and waste is generated during production.

Methode de fermentation biologique

In biological fermentation, microorganisms such as yeast are used in the medium to produce lithium. The principle behind this method is that microorganisms use their metabolic pathways to produce stearic and react with metals (such as lithium) to create lithium stearate.

These are the steps that you will need to take in order to produce your product.

(1) The microorganisms will be inoculated onto the medium containing precursors for fermentation culture.

(2) The filtrate is used to produce a solution of stearic acetic acid.

(3) Add metals (such as the lithium ions) into the solution with stearic to ensure that they fully react.

(4) The reaction product is separated and washed, then dried to give lithium stearate.

The benefits of biological fermentation include environmental protection, less waste discharge and a longer production process. However, the conditions for production are also higher.

Prospect Market of Lithium Stearate:

The application of lithium in personal care will continue to be important. As a surfactant or lubricant it is important in soaps. shampoos. body washes. and cosmetics. As people’s standards of living improve and the cosmetics sector continues to expand, lithium stearate demand will gradually rise.

Secondly, it is becoming more common to use lithium stearate for polymer synthesis. It can be used both as a donor and a participant in polymer chain formation. As polymer materials science continues to develop, the demand of lithium stearate increases.

Lithium stearate’s application in agricultural, petrochemical, pharmaceutical and other fields is also growing. In the pharmaceutical sector, lithium stearate may be used as a carrier, excipient or drug stabilizer. In the agricultural field, lithium stearate is used to transport fertilizer and as a plant protector. In the field of petrochemicals, lithium isostearate may be used as an lubricant or release agent. In these areas, the demand for lithium will increase as technology advances.

But the outlook for the lithium stearate market is not without its own challenges. In order to produce lithium stearate, it is necessary to use lithium metal. This increases the production costs. Aside from that, the applications of lithium is limited, with a concentration in agriculture, petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals and personal care products. To expand the scope of application and market demand for lithium stearate, it is important to continually develop new applications and markets.

Lithium stearate powder price :

Many factors influence the price, such as the economic activity, the sentiment of the market and the unexpected event.

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CLC blocks and foamed concrete lead the reform of the construction industry

CLC Blocks and foamed Concrete, two new energy-saving materials, are leading the construction industry reform.

As environmental awareness continues to improve, the construction industry is now focusing on more energy-saving and environmentally friendly building materials.

The construction industry has been gradually adopting CLC block as an environmentally friendly, energy efficient, and durable wall material.

CLC block It is an energy-saving material for walls made of fly ash, cement, slags and river sand.

Its characteristics include high strength, lightweight, thermal insulation, heat insulation, and sound insulation. It can also be constructed in a convenient, efficient manner and has a long lifespan.

Compare with the traditional clay brick CLC block It has many benefits.

CLC blocks reduce pollution and production costs by using a variety of raw materials. These include cement, slag, and other industrial wastes as well as natural materials like river sand.

The CLC block is also light and strong, which allows it to reduce the weight and improve the performance of the structure.

CLC blocks have excellent thermal insulation as well as sound insulation and thermal resistance, which can help to improve the performance and comfort of buildings.

Construction of CLC block can be convenient and quick, which will greatly reduce construction time.

A new wall material, foam concrete, has also attracted a lot of attention.

The building material is lightweight, strong, and thermally and acoustically insulating. It’s made up of raw materials, such as foaming agent, cement and foam agent.

In comparison with traditional concrete, the foam concrete not only has better thermal and sound insulation properties, but can also reduce self-weight.

Foamed concrete is made from cement and foaming agent. The foam structure of the foamed material is formed through mixing and foaming.

This foam structure is able to make concrete lighter and soundproof. It can also insulate heat.

The foam concrete can also meet the needs of building structures in terms load bearing, durability and flexibility.

New wall materials have a wide range of applications in the construction industry. CLC block The foam concrete range is quite broad.

You can use them for the exterior and interior walls as well as thermal and sound insulation.

These materials also have characteristics that are compatible with the current trend in the construction industry, including a simple production process, low costs, and good environmental performance.

The construction industry is gradually becoming more interested in and favoring the new wall materials CLC Block and foam concrete due to their outstanding performance and extensive application potential.

It is expected that, in the future, due to the development of science and technologies, these materials will become more important and play a greater role in the building industry. They are also believed to promote the green construction of the building industry.

What is Molybdenum disulfide MoS2 powder

Description of Molybdenum diulfide

Molybdenum disulfide (also known as MoS2) is a transition metal sulfide. It is dark grey, or black solid. The layers of the crystal structure are made up of alternate arrangements of molybdenum-sulfur atoms. Molybdenum disulfide This material is excellent for its chemical and thermo-stability. It can be easily reacted to acids or bases. It is an important component in lubricants as well as additives and composites. Molybdenum diulfide, as an excellent lubricant has a high bearing capacity, low friction coefficient and good friction resistance. This is why it’s widely used by the machinery, petrochemicals and automobile industries. In extreme environments such as high temperature, high loads and fast speeds, molybdenum diulfide plays a lubricating and anti-wear role. This extends the service life for equipment. In addition to being used as a fuel additive, molybdenum diulfide also improves the combustion efficiency, reducing pollutant emission. This additive plays a major role in protecting the environment, as it reduces air pollutants and improves energy efficiency.

Use of Molybdenum diulfide

Molybdenum diulfide is a compound that has outstanding chemical and physical properties. It is widely used in many fields. It has excellent chemical and mechanical properties. Following are some of the most important applications for molybdenum sulfide.

Lubricants – Molybdenum Disulfide, a lubricant that is excellent for its high load carrying capacity, good resistance to friction and low coefficient of friction. It has a high lubricating capacity in high-temperature, high-load and high-speed environments. This is why it’s widely used in the machinery industry, automotive manufacturing, and petrochemical industries. Molybdenum Disulfide Lubricant is also used to produce lubricating grease, lubricating oil and lubricating film.

Additive – Molybdenum Disulfide, when used as a fuel additive, can increase the efficiency of combustion and reduce emissions. This additive plays a major role in protecting the environment by reducing air pollution and improving energy efficiency. As an additive, molybdenum can be added to rubber, plastics or coatings in order to improve their properties.

Composite materials. Molybdenum Disulfide can also be mixed with rubber, resins and other materials in order to produce high-performance materials such as reinforced fibres or composite plastics. These composites offer excellent mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, and are widely used for automotives and aerospace.

Electronic industry Molybdenum disulfide It can be used for the electronic vapour deposition of thin MoS2 films. These thin films have excellent electrical conductivity, and transmit light well. This thin film material is suitable for optoelectronics applications, including solar cells and displays. The molybdenum-disulfide material can also be used to create transistors, Field-Effect Transistors and other electronic parts with high semiconductor performance and good electronic mobility.

Production Methods of Molybdenum Diulfide

Molybdenum diulfide, a compound with excellent chemical and physical properties, is used in numerous fields. The production process can be done in many ways, including double decompositions, flotation, and electroplating. Synthesis is the most commonly used method for producing molybdenum.

The synthesis is a way to make nano MoS2 using a molybdenum, tungsten source. This method can produce sulfides of high purity with fewer impurities. This method can prepare sulfides to meet various functional requirements. The steps in the synthesis include preparation of raw materials, chemical reactions, product separation, and purification.

It is essential to prepare both a tungsten source or a molybdenum one during the raw material preparation. Tungsten, molybdenum or metal powders are the most common sources. While sulfur can be either elemental sulfur or sulfur dioxide. The purity, chemical properties and reactions conditions of the raw materials are important factors to consider when selecting tungsten and molybdenum or sulfur sources.

In the chemical reactions stage, tungsten is Molybdenum Sources The molybdenum is disulfide produced in biochemical reactions that occur at high temperatures. The reaction temperature, the reaction time and the reaction atmosphere are all part of the specific conditions. The temperature and reaction time of the reaction have an important effect on particle size and product purity. Reaction atmosphere has a similar impact.

In the stage of product separation and purity, molybdenum isulfide has to be separated from reaction products with the help of appropriate separation and cleansing methods. Precipitation, filtration and distillation are some of the most common separation and purification processes. These methods can be used to separate the molybdenum diulfide from impurities and obtain molybdenum products with high purity.

Other methods are available to produce molybdenum sulfide. These include the double decomposition technique, the flotation method, and the electroplating method.

The compound decomposition technique produces molybdenum by reacting ammonium motate or ammonium tantate with ammoniumsulfide. The method is able to produce molybdenum sulfide even at a low temperature. It can also prepare different molybdenum sulfide products, such as those with different particle sizes and morphologies.

The method of flotation involves the use of organic agents to grind tungsten, molybdenum or other sources into a mixture with minerals like sphalerite, pyrite and sphalerite. This method is able to produce molybdenum products with high purity, but requires more organic chemicals and a more complex production process.

Electroplating is the process of electroplating molybdenum on a metal surface. By using this method you can create molybdenum-disulfide films that have excellent properties. However, the chemicals and waste liquids in the electroplating will pollute the surrounding environment.

Different production methods offer different advantages and drawbacks. You should choose the best method for your needs. It is also important to consider environmental protection and safety during the production process.

Prospect Market of Molybdenum Diulfide

Molybdenum diulfide is an important chemical compound that has excellent chemical and physical characteristics. It’s widely used in machinery, industry, electronics, aviation, and other fields. Demand for molybdenum diulfide has increased due to the continued development of global economies and the rapid development in high-tech areas. Molybdenum Disulfide Market has a wide range of prospects for the future.

Molybdenum Disulfide, as a highly-performance lubricant used in petrochemical, machinery manufacturing and automobile manufacturing is also widely used. As industrialization continues and mechanical equipment becomes more precise and automated, the demand for lubricants will increase. Molybdenum diulfide has a high performance and is in great demand.

In the second place, molybdenum dioxide can be added to fuels as an additive that will improve combustion efficiency, reduce pollution, help reduce air pollutants and increase energy efficiency. As environmental awareness continues to grow and environmental policies are strengthened, the use of molybdenum dioxide as an additive that is environmentally friendly will continue to be promoted.

In composite materials, molybdenum diulfide, resins, and rubber can also be combined to produce high-performance materials such as composite fibres or reinforced plastics. These composites have excellent mechanical and corrosion-resistant properties and are widely used by the automotive, aerospace, electronic and other industries. High-performance materials are in high demand due to the rapid growth and development of the high-tech industry. Molybdenum is one component and will see an increased demand.

The molybdenum-disulfide compound can be used for new applications such as energy storage and solar cells. As new energy technologies continue to be developed, demand for molybdenum will increase. This will provide new momentum for the development of the market.

Moreover, as the cost of production is reduced and the production process continues to improve, the price for molybdenum will continue to fall, which will further increase the demand on the market. In parallel, as environmental awareness increases and technological progress continues, some new production technologies and processes will be slowly applied to the production molybdenum. This will further promote the growth of the market.

According to the report from the market research company the global molybdenum market will maintain rapid expansion in the coming years with an annual rate of growth of over 10%. Globally, it is estimated that the molybdenum-disulfide industry will surpass $1 billion in 2025. China is a big producer and user of molybdenum, so the market will continue to grow rapidly.

Molybdenum disulfide Powder Price :

Many factors influence the price, such as the economic activity, the sentiment of the market and the unexpected event.

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Molybdenum disulfide Powder Supplier :

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Chemicals and nanomaterials of high quality, including silicon powders, nitride particles, graphite particles, zinc sulfide, boron, etc.

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Application Fields of Nickel Based Alloys

Nickel Based Alloys: Applications

Nickel-based alloy Based on nickel, it is made up of different alloying materials. It is used for its high-temperature properties, corrosion resistance and oxidation resistant as well as mechanical properties in the aviation, aerospace and petrochemical industries. This article will give a detailed description of the Applications of nickel-based alloys in different fields such as aerospace, petrochemicals and power energy. It also provides references for Research and Application.

Applications of nickel-based alloys to the aerospace industry

The aerospace sector is one important area for the application. Nickel-based alloys These are the main components used in aerospace to produce high-performance products like aircraft, rockets and satellites.

Aircraft engine components

Aircraft engines include:

* The main equipment used in the aviation industry.

* Material with outstanding high-temperature resistance is required.

* Corrosion resistant.

* Mechanical properties

Nickel-based metals exhibit excellent strength at high temperatures, as well as creep and fatigue resistance. The alloys are widely used for aircraft engine parts, including turbine blades and guides.

Rocket engine components

Rocket engines are key equipment in the launch of satellites and space probes. They require materials with extreme high-temperature strengths and corrosion resistance. Nickel-based alloys In the manufacture of rocket engines are commonly used key components like combustion chambers. nozzles and turbine disks.

Satellite structural components

Satellites’ structural components need materials that have excellent corrosion resistance and high temperature resistance. Many structural components, including solar panels and structural frame frames, are manufactured using nickel-based materials.

Use of nickel-based alloys for the petrochemical Industry

Nickel-based materials are also widely used in the petrochemical and chemical industries. Nickel-based alloys are mainly used in the manufacture of key equipment, such as high temperature and high pressure reactors and pipes, for the petrochemical industries.

High-temperature reactor

High-temperature Reactors are:

* The main equipment used in the petrochemical industries.

* Material with outstanding high-temperature resistance is required.

* Corrosion resistant.

* Mechanical properties

Alloys based on nickel have excellent mechanical, corrosion and high-temperature properties. High-temperature reactors like hydrogenation reactors or reforming reactors are made with these alloys.

High-pressure pipeline

In the petrochemical industries, high-pressure pipes are essential equipment. Materials with excellent corrosion resistance, high-pressure resistance and mechanical properties are required. Nickel-based materials are widely used for high-pressure pipe manufacturing because of their excellent corrosion resistance, high-pressure strength and mechanical properties.

Applications of nickel-based materials in the field power energy

The electric energy sector is another area where nickel-based materials are used. These alloys are used primarily to manufacture high-temperature heat-exchangers and gas-turbines.

High-temperature heat exchanger

The high-temperature heat-exchangers in the power and energy industry are essential equipment. Materials with excellent resistance to corrosion, as well as mechanical properties, are required. Nickel-based materials have excellent mechanical, corrosion-resistant, and high-temperature properties. The alloys are widely used for high-temperature exchangers like air preheaters or flue gas exchangers found in coal-fired electricity stations.

Gas turbine blades

Gas turbines can be:

Important equipment used for energy conversion and electricity generation

* Material with outstanding high-temperature resistance is required.

* Corrosion resistant.

* Mechanical properties

In the manufacture of gas turbines such as blades or key components, nickel-based materials are used widely.

Applications of nickel-based alloys to biomedicine

Biomedical applications are another important area for nickel-based metals. These alloys are used to manufacture medical devices like artificial joints and vascular scaffolds.

Artificial joint

Artificial joints can be:

* Medical devices to replace damaged joints.

* Requiring materials that are highly corrosion resistant

* Biocompatibility.

Mechanical properties

Alloys based on nickel have excellent corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. They are also used to manufacture artificial joints.

Vascular stent

Materials with outstanding corrosion resistance and biocompatibility are required for vascular stents. Nickel-based materials are highly corrosion resistant, biocompatible, and flexible and are widely used for vascular devices.

As a summary, nickel-based materials have been extensively used in aerospace and petrochemicals as well as power energy and biomedicine. In the future, with the development of technology, it is expected that nickel-based materials will be more widely used, and they will contribute to the technological advancement and industrial progress in many fields.


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What is Boron carbide

Boron carburide is a high-performance carbon compound, which consists mainly of boron, carbon, and other elements. The chemical formula for B4C is B4C. It has high heat transfer and melting point. It’s widely used by industries, the military, aerospace and other fields. This article will give a detailed description of the physical properties and chemical composition, the preparation methods, performance characterisation and application fields.

Physical Properties

Boron carbide, a non-metallic inorganic material, has a mass density of 2.52g/cm3. It has a cubic lattice structure, a dense black crystal and a 0.243nm lattice constant. Boron carbide exhibits a low electrical conductivity of only 10-6S/m, and has excellent insulation. Its thermal conductivity (97W/m*K) is lower than metals, silicon and ceramics but higher than glass and other materials.

Chemical properties

Boron carbide exhibits chemical stability, and it is not reactive to acids or alkalis. B4C is reactive with O2, H2O and other substances. High temperatures can generate B2O3, CO etc. B4C has anti-oxidant and corrosion resistance. This makes it suitable for long term use in high-temperature, corrosive environments.

Preparation method

Preparation methods for boron carbide The main methods are the carbon thermal decomposition method, arc melting and chemical vapour deposit method.

Methode de réduction du carbothermal

The carbon thermal method is widely used to prepare boron carbide . This method generates carbon dioxide and boron carburide by melting boric black and carbon. The reaction formula is B2O3+3C + B4C+CO. The reaction temperature ranges from 1500 to 1700°C. The method has the advantage of being simple, low-cost, and easy to use. However, the boron carbide produced is not of high purity.

Arc melting method

In the arc melting process, graphite electrodes are heated and melted in an arc with boric acid to create boron carbide. The reaction formula is B2O3+3C = B4C. The reaction temperature ranges between 18002000 degrees. This method yields boron-carbide with high purity, fine particle size and a complex, expensive process.

Chemical vapour deposition method

Chemical vapour deposition uses the reaction of gaseous carbon black and borane at high temperature to create boron carburide. The reaction formula is B2H6+6C + B4C+6H2. The reaction temperature ranges between 1000-1200°C. This method yields boron-carbide with a high degree of purity and superfine particles, but is costly and complicated.

Performance Characterization

Physical, chemical, mechanical, and other properties are mainly considered when describing the performance of boron carburide.

Physical property

Density, conductivity and thermal conductivity are the main physical properties of Boron carbide. The density is 2.52g/cm3, conductivity 10-6S/m, and thermal conductivity 97W/m*K.

Chemical Property

Boron carbide exhibits chemical stability, and it is not reactive to acids or alkalis. B4C is reactive with H2O and O2. High temperatures can generate B2O3, CO etc. B4C has anti-oxidant and corrosion resistance. This makes it suitable for long term use in high-temperature, corrosive environments.

Mechanical property

Boron carbide’s high hardness, melting temperature, and heat transfer make it a popular material in many industries. Hardness of 3500kg/mm2, melting point 2450, and heat transfer rate 135W/m*K are among the characteristics that make boron carbide so popular in industries, military, aerospace, and other fields.


RBOSCHCO, a global chemical material manufacturer and supplier with more than 12 years of experience, is known for its high-quality Nanomaterials. The company export to many countries, such as USA, Canada, Europe, UAE, South Africa, Tanzania,Kenya,Egypt,Nigeria,Cameroon,Uganda,Turkey,Mexico,Azerbaijan,Belgium,Cyprus,Czech Republic, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Dubai, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia,Germany, France, Italy, Portugal etc. RBOSCHCO, a leading manufacturer of nanotechnology products, dominates the market. Our expert team offers solutions to increase the efficiency of different industries, create value and overcome various challenges. Send an email if you’re looking for Boron Carbide to: