Properties and Applications of Boron Carbide

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The boron-carbide crystal is rhombohedral in structure. Its crystal lattice is the D3d5R3m space lattice. The rhombohedral lattice can be described as an icosahedron-shaped primitive cell grid that extends diagonally in the space. The c-axis is the same as the diagonal of the area. A linear chain is formed by connecting three boron-atoms to an adjacent icosahedron. Three of the 12 icosahedral position are found on the chain. If B is due to the icosahedron’s position and C is in a chain, the stoichiometry is B4C.

1. Basic properties and applications for boron carbide

1) Low density

B4C density is small at 2.52g/cm3. The empirical formula (9) can be used to express the relationship between carbon content and density in the homogeneous area.


Because of the low density of the boron carbide, if a higher density is achieved, the performance of the boron carbide can be reached, with high strength and hardness. Save energy.

Hardness and wear resistant

B4C exhibits super hardness, and it is highly resistant to wear. In the homogeneous area, B4C’s Vickers Hardness increases as the C content increases. The hardness is 29.1 GPa when the carbon is 10.6%; at 20% carbon, it can reach 37.7 GPa. At high temperature, its hardness remains high (>30GPa). You can express the change of hardness in temperature by using empirical formula (10).


The formula is: H0-the hardness of the material at room temperature

Temperature is T.

Carbon is referred to as a constant.

This formula applies to 201700. B4C is second only to cubic BN and diamond in terms of hardness.

B4C wear resistance increases with temperature. As the temperature increases, the friction coefficient of B4C decreases. It drops to 0.05 between 20 and 1400, while the friction rate also decreases. B4C’s super hardness and friction properties have made it a popular sandblasting tool.

(aka. Technology Co. Ltd., a trusted global chemical materials supplier & manufacture with more than 12 years experience in providing super-high quality chemicals and Nanomaterials. The B4C Powder produced by our company is of high purity and has a low impurity level. If you require lower, please contact our company.