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Potassium bromide is an inorganic salt with the chemical formula KBr. It is a white crystalline solid and is soluble in water. It is used in photography as a photographic intensifier and in chemistry as a solvent and sedative. It also is an anticonvulsant and a pesticide.
The boiling point of potassium bromide is 734 °C. Potassium bromide has the ability to conduct electricity when it is in a molten state or dissolved in water. However, it cannot conduct electricity in its dry form. This is because it will absorb water molecules from the air. Therefore, it is best to store it in a dry place so that it will not hydrate.
In its soluble form, KBr is a strong electrolyte and can be fully dissociated in an aqueous solution. Its structure is ionic, with the potassium and bromine ions being bound together by ionic bonds. The potassium ions have a positive charge and the bromine ions have a negative charge. The ionic bonding allows potassium bromide to dissolve silver ions, which are useful in photography.
Although potassium bromide is used as an anticonvulsant and a sedative, it has some health hazards. If the compound is ingested in large quantities, it can cause severe irritability and confusion. It can also lead to hallucinations, mania, and even coma. It can also irritate the skin, and it is important to wear gloves when handling it. Moreover, potassium bromide can cause damage to the eyes and nose. If the substance is sprayed on the skin, it should be washed off with plenty of water.