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Rutherfordium, with atomic number 104, is a synthetic element that is a silvery-coloured metal. It is so rare that it has never been seen in nature and can only be produced in a laboratory. This makes it difficult to study and has limited uses outside of research. Like many synthetic elements, it is radioactive and will decay over time.
In this article, we will explore how many electrons does rutherfordium have and other important details about this element. We will also look at how to easily find the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in an atom. The position of these particles within the atom determines its chemical behavior. For example, an atom with too few electrons in its outermost valence shell will not be able to form chemical bonds with other atoms.
The number of protons in an atom is determined by its atomic number, which is equal to the element’s serial number in the Periodic Table. Protons are the permanent core particles of an atom and reside in its nucleus. Each atom is overall positively charged and has a unique number of protons, which is known as its atomic number.
There is an interesting history surrounding the discovery of this new element. It is believed to have been first synthesized by scientists in Dubna, Russia, in 1964. However, there was some disagreement over who should be given credit for the discovery. Eventually, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry settled the matter by granting the new element the name rutherfordium.