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Overview of Nitrides Nitrides, which are binary nitrogen compounds with less electronegative elements, are also known as metallic nitrides. The nitrides produced by the direct combination between transition elements and Nitrogen are also known as metallic nitrides. The “mesenchymal compound” name is due to the fact that nitrogen atoms fill interstitial spaces in metal crystal structures. These compounds are similar in appearance, hardness and electrical conductivity to metals. They are usually hard, have high melting points, are chemically durable, and are electrically conductive. Nitrogen compounds like titanium, vanadium and zirconium are hard and refractory. They also have some special features, including chemical corrosion resistance and heat resistance. TiN has a melting temperature of 2 930 to 2 950°C, making it an excellent conductor of electricity and heat. Superconductivity is achieved at low temperatures, and it’s used to make jet engines. ZrN, which is superconducting in low temperatures, is used now as a reactor.
Nitrogen is highly corrosive and forms a series nitrides that include ionic and covalent nitrides as well as metallic nitrides.
Lonic nitride
The nitrides that are formed from alkali metals and alkaline Earth metals belong to the ionic group, which is characterized by crystals dominated by ionic interactions. Nitrogen elements are found in N3- which is also referred to as salt-like Nitrides. Li3N, at the moment, is all that’s used to make ionic nitrides. Li3N, a dark red solid with a hexagonal crystalline system and a melting temperature of 813degC, is a dense solid. Simple synthesis with high ionic conducting properties. Lithium coexistence, which can be combined either with solids or liquids, is one of best solid lithium electrodes.
Covalent nitrides
These nitrides consist of a majority of covalent bonds. Compounds containing oxygen, VIIA-group elements, and elements of nitrogen should be called nitrogen oxides, or nitrogen halos. The covalent nitrides most commonly used are those of the group IIIa elements and IVA (such Bn, AlN GaN InN C3N4 Si3N4). Diamond nitride gets its name from the similarity of its structure to the diamond tetrahedron. High hardness, melting point and chemical stability. They are mostly semiconductors or insulators. They are widely used in cutting instruments, high-temperature materials, microelectronics devices, luminous material and other fields.
Metallic nitride
These metallic nitrides are filled nitrides. They are formed when transition metal elements form nitrides with nitrogen atoms in the spaces between hexagonal or cubic metal lattices. The chemical formulas of these nitrides are not strictly stoichiometric and their compositions can vary within certain limitations. The majority of metal nitrides have a chemical formula Mn and are NaCl types. It is characterized by metallic lusters, high electrical conductivity and melting points, corrosion resistance, wear resistance, and high hardness. It can be used in a variety of materials including catalytic, electrode, and cutting materials.
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