Catalyst Iron Carbide with Broad Application Prospects

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Iron Carbide Features

Iron carbide has a high conductivity and is an excellent material for lithium-ion batteries. It also exhibits electrochemical stability. In addition to its high hardness and stability, lithium-ion batteries can be used in extreme conditions.

Transition Metal Carbide Nanostructures Attract Attention

The nanostructures of the transition metal carbides have received much attention in recent years. This is especially true for iron carbide nanomaterials due to their excellent stability, high catalytic efficiency, and good biocompatibility. Features: Has important application potential for nanomagnetism and Tropsch catalysis (Tropsch), electrochemical energy storage conversion and storage as well as biomedicine. Currently used preparation methods like solid-phase reaction methods, sonochemical method, and Sol-gel methods often result in agglomeration or difficulty with phase control.

Iron Carbide Catalyst: Application

Zhao Yujun’s Tianjin team has been making breakthroughs by using Fe5C2 catalysts in the DMO system to produce alcohol. The researchers developed an innovative hydrogen and mixed gas carbonization, then obtained a relatively durable iron carbide catalyst mostly composed of Fe5C2 within a reaction atmospheric.

Further studies found that the DMO hydrogenation reaction route using Fe5C2 was different from that of copper-based catalysts, in part because Fe5C2 could selectively activate -OH on the intermediate product methylglycolate (MG), resulting in methylacetate (MA) being produced instead of ethylene-glycol (EG) by copper-based cats. MA can be further hydrogenated on Fe5C2 with high selectivity to produce alcohol. Fe5C2 did not have significant CC bond-breaking activity. The higher reaction temperature (260 degrees Celsius) resulted in a 90% yield of ethanol, while the by-products were mainly MA. Fe5C2 catalysts are clearly superior to copper-based catalysts in terms of performance.

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